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Unit 13: Industrial Relations

          Objectives                                                                            Notes

          After studying this unit, you will be able to:
              Define the term Industrial Relations

              Discuss nature of industrial relations
              Understand the Importance of industrial relations
              Describe the approaches to IR
              Understand Trade union, industrial conflict and Labour Legislation in India


          The term industrial relations explain the relationship between employees and  management
          which stem directly or indirectly from union-employer relationship.
          Industrial relations  are  the  relationships  between  employees  and  employers  within  the
          organizational  settings. The field of  industrial  relations  looks at the  relationship  between
          management and workers, particularly groups of workers represented by a union. Industrial
          relations are basically the interactions between employers, employees and the government,
          and the institutions and associations through which such interactions are mediated.
          The term industrial relations have a broad as well as a narrow outlook. Originally, industrial
          relations was broadly defined to include the relationships and interactions between employers
          and employees. From this perspective, industrial relations covers all aspects of the employment
          relationship,  including  human  resource  management,  employee  relations,  and  union-
          management (or labor) relations. Now its meaning has become more specific and restricted.
          Accordingly, industrial relations pertains to the study  and practice  of collective bargaining,
          trade unionism,  and labor-management relations, while  human resource  management is  a
          separate, largely distinct field that deals with nonunion employment  relationships and the
          personnel practices and policies of employers.
          The term 'Industrial Relations' comprises of two terms: 'Industry' and 'Relations'. "Industry"
          refers to "any productive activity in which an individual (or a group of individuals) is (are)
          engaged". By "relations" we mean "the relationships that exist within the industry between the
          employer and his workmen."
          The term, industrial relations, refers to industry and relations. "Industry" means "any organization
          in which an individual is engaged" and "relations" mean "the relations that exist in the industry
          between the employer and his workmen."

          The term, industrial relations, explains the relationship between employees and management, which stem
          directly or indirectly from union employer relationship"

                                                                          —V. Agnihotri
          According to the ILO, "Industrial relations deal with either the relationship between the state
          and  employer"  organizations  or  the  relations  between  the  occupational  organizations

          The relationships which arise at and out of the workplace generally include the relationships
          between individual  workers, the  relationships between  workers and  their employer,  the
          relationships between employers, the relationships employers and workers  have with  the

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